Pioneers of Outdoor Living - Page 6

Tommy Church and his brood—creators of the 'California School' of modern landscape design
Pioneers of Outdoor Living
Theodore Osmundson, circa early 1960s.
Pioneers of Outdoor Living
Osmundson's niche became the roof garden, which included this design for Kaiser Resources Ltd. of Vancouver, B.C., late 1970s.

5. Theodore Osmundson

Like his fellow veterans of the Church office, Ted Osmundson (1921-2009) began his practice right after World War II designing small gardens alongside small houses.

Architect Roger Lee, famous for small, stylish houses, and Osmundson collaborated on many projects, including an outdoor-indoor scheme for a young family who owned a narrow, urban lot.

The house was redwood post and beam. Osmundson provided trellises, play spaces for kids and for adults, and outdoor living and dining areas.

“The landscaping has been designed to utilize a maximum proportion of the lot,” the magazine Art & Architecture wrote. “The four-foot module of the house is used as the basis of garden design which gives the house and garden a feeling of unity. Function of the house is directly related to outdoor land uses.”

By the early 1960s, though, Osmundson, who headed a series of small firms, had created a niche for himself that provided a broader view of landscaping—roof gardens.

The roof garden he designed for the Kaiser Center in Oakland, with its curved waterways, low bridges, tranquil lawns and mini-forests, immediately won the hearts of workers in the soaring, curved, aluminum-clad building, and the public as well. The garden remains a Bay Area classic, open to all.

Although it was far from the first roof garden (Osmundson later wrote a book on roof gardens that delves into penthouse gardens from the 1920s and Rockefeller Center from the 1930s), the Kaiser garden was said to be the largest in the world at completion, and inspired many other designers.

“A roof garden, particularly a roof garden located above a ground level, is like a peaceful island within the urban jungle,” Osmundson wrote. “A feeling of isolation from the traffic, noise, dust, and general confusion of the typical downtown city street can be sensed in most roof gardens above ground level.”

“Although 90 percent of the land at the Kaiser center is covered by buildings, 60 percent of that same area is also covered with plantings, proving without question that high density need not preclude a green environment.”

Though Osmundson designed parks, woodland trails and greenbelts, and other gardens throughout his career, roof gardens remained a mainstay. Osmundson not only mastered the engineering and horticultural challenges of creating natural areas on unnatural terrain, he taught others how to do the same.