Craze Gone Crazy - Page 3

A revolutionary innovation that once brought joy to the world, plastic now haunts us in a sea of debris
Craze Gone Crazy
A fleet of Barbies, a doll that debuted in 1959, all made of plastic and each with a different hairdo.

Irony and agony of plastic

Man-made wasn't a dirty word in the 1960s—and a plastic product didn't mean cheap. Companies were proud to announce the benefits of the synthetic materials contained. With names like Bri-Nylon and Terylene, it's clear that there was no shame in being man-made.

But this celebration of everything plastic didn't last. Plastic debris in the oceans was first observed in the 1960s, and Americans became increasingly aware of environmental problems.

Rachel Carson's popular 1962 book, Silent Spring, exposed the dangers of chemical pesticides. As awareness of environmental issues was spreading far and wide, the persistence of plastic waste began to trouble those who knew this dream couldn't last forever.

The irony is, plastic was developed with good intentions—to protect nature. Scientists really thought that producing with plastic would lead to preserving scarce natural resources like wood and stone, and protecting animals from being killed for their ivory, tusk, horn, and tortoise shells.


Craze Gone Crazy
The classic and flirtatious curves of Eames chairs, the plastic brainchild of designers Charles and Ray Eames.

As we have seen, these positive objectives quickly turned to negative outcomes as plastics began harming the environment by polluting our oceans, soil, and air.

Melamine: queen of the kitchen

                               

If you peered into a suburban living room in the 1950s, you might see a group of women in silly hats playing even sillier party games, tossing lightweight plastic bowls back and forth like footballs and chatting about their suburban lives as they passed around an order form for Tupperware.

In addition to food storage materials like Tupperware, plastic dinnerware was found in many homes in the 1940s through the 1970s. Plastic products were now changing the actual decor of the home and started appearing more and more as practical household items, such as 'unbreakable' melamine dinnerware.

Craze Gone Crazy
Melamine dinnerware is still produced today; this modern-looking set is from West Elm.

Melamine was the undisputed queen when it came to plastic dishes. It was BPA-free (no harmful chemical bisphenol A) and magically mimicked the look and feel of ceramic and stoneware dishes. It was break-resistant, scratch-resistant, and dishwasher-safe, and was lightweight and came in a variety of beautiful designs and colors.

In their heyday, during the 1950s and '60s, melamine dishes were produced in staggering quantities. Soon the market was saturated with melamine and production slowed.

 
That's CA-Modern publisher Marty Arbunich back in 1960, holding his prized black-and-silver Silvertone 214 plastic transistor radio from Sears. "It was a dream I took everywhere," he recalls.
 

Nowadays, rigid-plastic utensils for use in non-stick cookware are made from this same melamine material. Flea markets and thrift stores are jam-packed with the stuff.